Lefkosia (Nicosia) is situated practically in the centre of Cyprus and constitutes a rich cultural hub, as well as a busy commercial and business centre.
The history of the city dates back to the Bronze Age. In antiquity and in early Christian times it was known as Ledra. It has been the capital of Cyprus since the late Byzantine period (11th century). During the Frankish (Lusignan) period Lefkosia was transformed into a splendid town, with royal palaces and 50 churches.
Contemporary Lefkosia (Nicosia) combines the historic past with the liveliness of a modern city. The city centre, the old "Chora", surrounded by a Venetian wall with heart-shaped bastions, is home to lavishly decorated churches, medieval buildings and the island's foremost museums. Narrow streets with overhanging balconies and a beautifully restored pedestrian precinct, Laiki Geitonia, with craft shops, cafes and tavernas, maintain the leisurely atmosphere of yesteryear. Outside the walls, the modern town with its contemporary comforts pulsates to cosmopolitan rhythms. Lefkosia (Nicosia) remains the only divided capital in the world. A few kilometres into the countryside one can admire superb Byzantine churches and monasteries.
Main places of interest:
- Agios Ioannis (St John's) Cathedral
- Cyprus Archaeological Museum
- Byzantine Museum
- Leventis Museum
- Cyprus Handicraft Centre
- Fikardou Village
- Royal Tombs of Tamassos
- Laiki Geitonia pedestrian quarter